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The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is universally known as HIV and was declared an epidemic by the CDC in the Spring of 1981. According to the CDC, there will be about fifty thousand new HIV infections every year in the United States and it is estimated that 1,178,350 people are currently living with the disease at the close of 2008. One in four people with the disease do not know they have the disease and are not receiving proper care and could possibly spread the virus.
Every 9 1/2 minutes a person in America gets infected with HIV according to the CDC . For sexually active individuals, safe sex and routine HIV testing largely reduces your risk .
HIV weakens the body's immune system by inflicting damage to certain white blood cells known as T-cells (T-lymphocytes). These T-cells are an essential component of orchestrating the body's immune system. If a person does not receive treatment, HIV will leave the body unprotected which can lead to AIDS.
Primarily, HIV can be transmitted during multiple types of unprotected sex -vaginal, anal or oral- through infected semen, blood or vaginal secretions. HIV can also be spread by sharing needles that are infected with HIV positive blood.
Although there is still no cure, HIV is not the grim diagnosis it once was.. There have been great strides in the effectiveness of HIV treatments. Living a long and healthy lifestyle while HIV positive is attainable with consistent treatment. Early detection through HIV testing is key to treatment and can ensure an individual's quality of life can be maintained for as long as possible.
Dallas HIV & STD Statistics
STDs and HIV are still a problem in America and in Dallas. Here are a few national, Texas and Dallas County statistics about HIV and STDs:
People Living with HIV
People Living with AIDS
All Syphilis Infections
More STD Statistical Resources
Texas Department of State Health Services
* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, HIV Incidence and Case Surveillance Branch